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5 Tools For Creating Indirectness In A Poem




Aside the commonly used proverbs, idioms, parables, phrasal words, and other words people use very frequently and easily when trying to create indirectness in their expressions, there are few other indirectnesses that can add beauty and maturity to a literary work if properly used.
Few among these are irony, euphemisms, paradox, pun, sarcasm.

(1)EUPHEMISM
What is euphemism?
Euphemism, both written and spoken, is a way of replacing derogatory or sorrow inflicting expression with a polite one in order not make it look derogatory. Till this day, many people still struggle to differentiate idiom and euphemism despite the fact that both are commonly used everyday like water. Example of euphemism is the use of pass away to replace die.

(2)IRONY
This' a statement that, when taken in context, may actually mean something different from, or the opposite of what is written literally; the use of words expressing something other than their literal intention, notably as a form of humor. Example: "a robbery at a police station."

(3)PARADOX:
Some folks have referred to paradox as an unharmful weapon of language the wise uses in attracting attention. Most scenarios, paradox is used for moral intentions. Whenever a person says or writes what seems to oppose the common sense or truth but such a statement is found to embed or contain within it a common sense or truth. This is the reason why people refer to paradox as wisdom wrapped with absurdity. A common example of paradox is "more haste makes less speed"

(4)PUN
According to an article in Wikipedia, "Pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that suggests two or more meanings, by exploiting multiple meanings of words, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. These ambiguities can arise from the intentional use of homophonic, homographic, metonymic, or metaphorical language. A pun differs from a malapropism in that a malapropism uses an incorrect expression that alludes to another (usually correct) expression, but a pun uses a correct expression that alludes to another (sometimes correct but more often absurdly humorous) expression." Example: "An elephant opinion carries a heavy weight." "they said you're my father so I'm glad I found my farther."

(5)SARCASM
It is said that euphemism avoids pain but sarcasm is an expression made to cause pain as a result of mockery. It normally takes the look of an irony; which means that an ironical expression that causes pain through the act of mockery. Example: "he works 40hours a week to become poor"

The tiny shortcoming of these indirectnesses is that it might mislead the reader to only believe the surface meanings of such expressions. It must not be forgotten that most indirectnesses created in a literary work are often created for humorous reasons.

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