How Rural Unemployment Becomes Urban Unemployment
the rich are getting richer, and the programmes of development
planning and foreign aid appear to be unable to reverse this trend.
Nearly all the developing countries have a morder sector, where the
pattern of living and working are similar to those in developed
countries. But they also have a non-modern sector, where the pattern
of living and working are not only unsatisfactory, but in many cases
are even getting worse.
What is the typical condition of the poor in developing countries?
Their work opportunities are so limited that they cannot work their
way out of their situation. They are underemployed or totally
unemployed; when they do find occasional work, their productivity is
extremely low. Some of them have land, but often too little land. Many
have no land, and no prospect of ever getting any. There is no hope
for them in the rural areas and so, they drift into the big cities.
But there is no work for them in the big cities either_ and of course
no housing. All the same, they flock into the cities because their
chances of finding some work appear to be greater than in the
villages_ where they are nil. Rural unemployment then, produces
mass-migration into the cities; rural unemployment becomes urban
The problem can be stated quite simply: what can be done to promote
economic growth outside the big cities, in the small towns and
villages, which still contains 80 to 90% of the total population? The
primary need is workplaces, literally millions of workplaces.
[Article Source:- Ray Williams: Panorama]