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Positivism And Logical Positivism

Positivism was developed first by Augustus Comte before J. S. Hill

improved on it. The contention in this school of taught is that only

those knowledge built on direct experience are genuine. It opines that

the knowledge is a cumulative and objective accumulation of facts.

Processes of science attest to this view point. Science relies heavily

on power of observation, collection and recording of data which

negotiates several bends to form scientific knowledge.

Symbolic logic combines with empiricism to form logical positivism.

Logic is a primary tool of analysis in science and the logical

positivists view of knowledge as mentioned by Adeniyi (1987) "is

connected with the verification theory of meaning in which the test of

the truth of a proposition is restricted to observation".

The new philosophy of science stresses the importance of the past in

determining the present and in predicting the future. It relies fully

on paradigms in explaining an event or an occurrence. The new

phiosophy of science acknowledge that theories are validated but

suggests that there is no established truth for determining the

superiority of one theory over another. This theory assumes a

conceptual change of events as the basis of new knowledge.





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