Positivism And Logical Positivism
improved on it. The contention in this school of taught is that only
those knowledge built on direct experience are genuine. It opines that
the knowledge is a cumulative and objective accumulation of facts.
Processes of science attest to this view point. Science relies heavily
on power of observation, collection and recording of data which
negotiates several bends to form scientific knowledge.
Symbolic logic combines with empiricism to form logical positivism.
Logic is a primary tool of analysis in science and the logical
positivists view of knowledge as mentioned by Adeniyi (1987) "is
connected with the verification theory of meaning in which the test of
the truth of a proposition is restricted to observation".
The new philosophy of science stresses the importance of the past in
determining the present and in predicting the future. It relies fully
on paradigms in explaining an event or an occurrence. The new
phiosophy of science acknowledge that theories are validated but
suggests that there is no established truth for determining the
superiority of one theory over another. This theory assumes a
conceptual change of events as the basis of new knowledge.