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This many-in-one article should definitely be of usefulness to those aim to have a higher score in Literature-in-English examinations.

(Analysis 1)
Gbemisola Adeoti And Hard Lines

In this post, naijapoets.com tends to speak of the writing style of Gbemisola Adeoti, using the poem “Hard Lines” as a yardstick.

It is now evident that Gbemisola Adeoti is a poet of justice. Most of his poems, not excluding Hard Lines, are always nailing the matter of injustice in the head.

Lovely focus and good motivational spirit as a poet. Poets are missioned to better the lives of people through poetry and the style of Gbemisola Adeoti has been yielding positive attentions; most of his poems (Ambush, Hard Lines, etc) are very awesome.

[Check The Poem Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti]

No matter how perfect a poem can be, it will possess some shortcomings. “Hard Lines”, for instance, has a well planned first and second stanza which contained metaphor followed by simile followed by imagery:

“Some lines are bitter pills
Hard to swallow with laughter
Like a tongue licking a weeping sore
To douse embers of thirst

Some lines are moistened rock
Hard on the tongue
Like a breakfast of toad
Spiced with roasted cockroaches
Mixed with mucus and urine.”
(line 1 and 5 are metaphor, line
3 and 7 are simile, line 4, 8, 9)

The third and the last stanzas were absolutely different. Didn’t follow the pattern of stanza 1 and 2. In an attempt to craft hard lines within the rest stanzas of the poem, Gbemisola Adeoti created fallacious lines:

“…As lion’s fiery tales turn fairy tales
In sporting grips of goats
While elegies are sung with glee
Heralding birth and christening
Bones spring in eggs, horns on chicks
Hooves on ducks, feathers on foxed…”

What is Fallacy?
Fallacy is the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning or “wrong word” in the construction of an argument. Fallacy and Pathetic fallacy should not be mistaken if each other.

It’s no dispute that those fallacious lines added beauty to the poem but the title of the poem: “Hard Lines” does not relate to the message of deceitfulness portayed in the poem.

(Analysis 2)
What Are The significances Of The Three Animals In The Poem Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti

What are the significances of the three animals in the poem Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti?

ANSWER:
According to the question, the three animals in the Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti, are (1) Giant Whale (2) Giant Hawk (3) Sabertooth Tiger.

They all symbolized different atmospheres of catastrophe in the poem. Clogging ambitions, creating tensions, spreading deceits.

Hameed, I hope this tiny slice of answer has helped your question. You must also note that naijapoets.com a broader explanation on the poem Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti; view it here

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

(Analysis 3)
Preoccupation Of Gbemisola Adeoti In Ambush

Though the poet made use of well crafted repetition and metaphor to create perfect imageries, the evil that confronted the people of the Land was the major enthrallment or preoccupation of the poet.

Firstly, the title of the poem was an insight to the poet’s preoccupation. It relates to unhealthy situations or dangerous happenings that would be read in the poem.

Secondly, the poet focused on how the harsh conditions of the people could shown with harsh dysphemistic metaphors: “The land” was repeated many times in the poem while servering as metaphors. Examples are “The land is a giant whale”, “The land is a saber toothed tiger”, “The land is a giant hawk”, etc.

Thirdly, the danger, the deceit, the people’s helplessness and hopelessness were seen in the poem; which fulfilled the poet’s intention.

Finally, the post titled: Analysis Of Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti has full detail about the background of the poet, the style, themes, plot, and possible questions that can be asked

(Analysis 4)
What Do You Like About Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti

There are so much to be liked about the poem; starting from The title of the poem, The fusion of repetition and metaphor to create perfect imageries,The rural depiction within the poem,The use of nature to draw the poem closer to reality, etc.

Let’s broaden them one after the other.The title of the poem speaks openly the intention of the poem. It reveals that danger is embedded inthe poem and there will be hunters (giant hawk, giant whale) and preys (the people, the sinker) in the poem.

Another thing to be liked about Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti is how the poet manage to join repetition and personification in creating perfect imageries. “The land” was repeated many times in the poem while servering as metaphors. Example is “The land is a giant whale”, “The land is a saber toothed tiger”, “The land is a giant hawk”, etc.

It became evident in the poem that the poem held a rural setting with the usage of “saber toothed tiger that cries deep in the glade/ while infants shudder home” and “lies patiently ahead/awaiting in ambush”; is worthy of creating likeness in a reader.

The poet drew the poem close reality with the use of nature and natural things. Things like animals (whale, tiger, hawk, etc) and natural things (dusk, space, dreams, etc) made the poem take the look of reality and could be easily related to what readers must have seen or may possibly see.

Ambush is an awesome poem and it a very intelligent poet as Gbemisola Adeoti to have written such.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying high)

(Analysis 5)
Analysis Of Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti

PURPOSE:-
This article will speak of the poet, the themes, the mood, the figures of speech, etc.

SUITABILITY:-
This article is suitable for; (a) All lovers of poetry (b) All lovers of Literature-In-English (c) Students for WASSE/WAEC, NECO, GCE, A-LEVEL, IJAMB examination (d) Students of English Language And Literature In Universities, Polythenics, Colleges of Educations, etc.

ANALYSIS OF THE POEM AMBUSH:-
Ambush is a poem written by Gbemisola Adeoti, a teacher, poet, editor, author, etc. He is a Nigerian belonging to Yoruba ethnic group. A member of Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA). Gbemisola Adeoti works as a lecturer at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Ambush has four themes: (1) the theme of hopelessness (2) the theme of helplessness (3) the theme of danger (4) the theme of deceit.
Hopelessness in a nation full of hardworking people appeared in the language of the poem speaker. With the use of symbolism, whale stood as the symbol of hopelessness swallowing every effort and attempt of the citizen to the extent of petering out their desires and made them return home without catching a fish.

Anothe theme of the poem is helplessness. How correct is the statement? When the sabre-toothed tiger cried “deep in the glade”, the poem speaker made the readers realize that “infants shudder home” and adults that stood their grounds only did so because such troubles or tribulations were inevitable. Besides their helplessness towards the tiger, they also had no help against the hawk of disasters hover above them and none to redirect from the path where the land await ambush them “toward the snare of possibilities”.

The theme of danger is next; and virtually all the lines of the poem exemplified it. The poet made it known with the use of following words like “swallows”, “cries”, “snatch”, “tribulations”, “disaster” and created dreadful agents of death like “a giant whale”, “a sabre-toothed tiger”, “a giant hawk” to carry out fear and danger.

The theme of deceit can be seen crystal clear at the end part of the poem where those walking toward the right direction are ambushed and misdirected.

The structure of the poem is very easy to understand since the poem does not take a rigid classic structure like that of The Pulley by George Herbert [you can view The Structure of the Pulley by George Herbert]
Ambush is a 21 lines poem that is void of specific rhythm and end rhyme pattern; not broken into verses. With the aid of symbolism, metaphor, imagery, etc. the poet’s opinion is flatly tabled in front of the readers. “The land” which appeared many times in the poem plus the metaphorical animals reveal how the masses of a badly governed society suffer (standing at the receiving end). Each opinion of the poem speaker is further explained with the introduction of a relative pronoun “that” for instance in line 2, “that swallows the sinker” in line 9 as well, “that cries deep in the glade”. Though Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti is not structured in a multi-stanza form but each mention of “The land” gives birth to a fresh opinion, which divides the poem into four (4) nonvisual stanzas.

The poem has a tone of sincerity and made the poem speaker to speak in a mood of revelation, revealing the evil plots of the land or in the land.

The Figures Of Speech
There symbolism in the poem where the whale symbolized hopelessness, tiger symbolized helplessness and danger, hawk and the title of the poem “ambush” both symbolized danger. The land was personified and the land was also used as a metaphor by comparing it to a giant whale, a sabre-toothed tiger, a giant hawk, a dangerous person or an animal laying ambush. There was repetition of the following: the land, a giant, Peter, dusk, etc. Alliterations in the poem were “swallows the sinker”, “Peter with Petered out desires”, “the land lies”. The poem also made use of biblical allusion of Peter fishing but could not catch any fish until Jesus Christ directed him to the right place to cast his net (John 21:3-6).

COMMON QUESTIONS:-
(1) Narrate Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti in a prose form.
(2) Discuss how the use of poetic devices portray the feelings of the poet.
(3) Describe Ambush As Metaphor Of societal Evil
(4) From your understanding of the poem Ambush, what messages are passed across by the poet?

(Analysis 6)
Subject Matters In Ambush, Vanity, The Panic Of Growing Older, The Anvil And The Hammer

What is Subject Matter?
In poetry and other genres of literature, the phrase “subject matter” has always been confusing. To break it down, other words to represent subject are topic, major, main, controlling, specific, overall, dominating, etc.
It can be referred to as the cause of further explanation and messages of a poem or any other literary work which can be compressed into a sentence to make a subject matter of such poem or literary work.
This post will make mention of the subject matter of the following poem: Ambush by Gbemisola Adeoti, Vanity by Birago Diop, Piano And Drums by Gariel Okara, The Anvil And The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor and The Panic Of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters.

The poem: Ambush has “political disorderliness” or “bad governance” as its subject matter. The land governed is full of helplessness and deceitness in disastrous and chaotic situations.

The poem: Vanity has “negligence and injustice” as its subject matter. The calls and the cries of the poet and his people were not reckoned with and such led to the increment in their ruins.

The poem: Piano And Drums has “the juxtaposition of past and present” as its subject matter. The poet expressed his past experiences and his present situation leading to unknown future.

The poem: The Anvil And The Hammer has “the juxtaposition of past and present” as its subject matter. The poet speaker compared his past socio-political life with that of his present.

The poem: The Panic Of Growing Older has “the varying challenges of adulthood” as its subject matter. Amongst those challenges are societal expectations, clumsy ambitions, anticipated achievements, etc.

(Analysis 7)
Analysis Of Do Not Go Violent Into That Night By Remi Raji

Professor Remi Raji wrote this poem in marking of World AIDS day which is on the 1st December. The whole five unequal stanza poem aims to warm or caution against unsafe and unprotected love making which "night" in the poem symbolizes. The first stanza of the poem describes how someone can become a victim of AIDS through kiss and switching off the light to engage in an unsafe intercourse. The second stanza speaks of where someone can become a victim of unsafe love making. In stanza three, Prof. Remi Raji used few rhetorical questions to describe the negative effects of unsafe lusty intercourse which are death and orphanage. The stanza four reveals who the victim can be; the person without doesn’t place regards to all AIDS orientation and the person who doesn’t have self control over lusting and the person who is an absurd infidel. The stanza five is a two line repetition, telling the readers of the poem that it is a very strong warning.

Judging by the title of the poem,naijapoets.com believes that structure of the poem is motivated by the famous poem of Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) titled: "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night". If you so wish, you can view the naijapoets Analysis Of Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night By Dylan Thomas

Remi Raji wrote this poem with a tone of admonition through a second person point of view. The diction is very easy except for the many use of metaphors and similes. Few of the poetic devices found in the poem are repetition "Do not go…" Similes in lines 4, 20, 26. Allusion in line 18. Alliteration in line 11, personification in lines 19-21, oxymoron in line 4, symbolism in line 2. Ejambment, metaphors, imageries, etc.

The Poem:-
Do not go
violent into that night
do not kiss the winds
of grave pleasures
like rabid moths
do not smother the lanterns
of fatal desires.

Do not go
where alphabets of death wait
to sign
sentences of sorrow
do not go violent
into that tunnel of passions.

Do you hear the chorus
of orphans bereaved by the blood
do you hear them cry
about the hurricane
and the Passover in the dark?
Do not…
the mark of the virus slits the streets
like defiant swords
the virus is eager

the virus is eager
waiting upon the wings
of lyrical groins
the worm wastes like tender toxins.

do not go violent like the fever
do not go violent into that night.

Copyright © by Prof. Remi Raji.


(Analysis 8)
Describe Ambush As Metaphor Of Societal Evil

WHAT IS METAPHOR?
According to wikipedia, “A metaphor is a figure of speech that identifies something as being the same as some unrelated thing for rhetorical effect, thus highlighting the similarities between the two.”
Following an online dictionary, it can also be called a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.”

How Does Ambush Reveal Societal Evils?
We know that an AMBUSH is a poet written by Gbemisola Adeoti; it speaks of the common problems of the society. It has the following four themes: (1) the theme of hopelessness (2) the theme of helplessness (3) the theme of danger (4) the theme of deceit.

It became evident in the poem that the poem held a rural setting with the usage of “saber toothed tiger that cries deep in the glade/ while infants shudder home” and “lies patiently ahead/awaiting in ambush”; is worthy of creating likeness in a reader.

The poet drew the poem close reality with the use of nature and natural things. Things like animals (whale, tiger, hawk, etc) and natural things (dusk, space, dreams, etc) made the poem take the look of reality and could be easily related to what readers must have seen or may possibly see.

A land of evil dweller cannot go unnoticed and in that wise every evil has a negative effect. So many instances were seen in the poem like when the sabre-toothed tiger cried “deep in the glade”, the poem speaker made the readers realize that “infants shudder home” and adults that stood their grounds only did so because such troubles or tribulations were inevitable. Besides their helplessness towards the tiger, they also had no help against the hawk of disasters hover above them and none to redirect from the path where the land await ambush them “toward the snare of possibilities”.

The people were faced with all sorts of dangers and virtually all the lines of the poem exemplified it. The made it known with the use of following words like “swallows”, “cries”, “snatch”, “tribulations”, “disaster” and created dreadful agents of death like “a giant whale”, “a sabre-toothed tiger”, “a giant hawk” to carry out fear and danger.

Conclusively, Gbemisola Adeoti used AMBUSH as a metaphor of the societal evils by painting such pictures with the use of giant whales, giant hawks, saber-toothed tigers, etc.

(Analysis 9)
3 Major Poetic Devices In Vanity By Birago Diop

3 MAJOR POETIC DEVICES IN VANITY BY BIRAGO DIOP

[feel free to read Breath By Birago Diop]
In the poem Vanity by Birago Diop, there are three major poetic devices that gave the poem her grandeur. These are (1) Imagery (2) Repetition (3) Rhetorical Question.

Before we examine the great impact these three poetic devices have on the poem, naijapoets.com takes a look at the several poetic devices in the poem.

(1) Alliteration: The repetition of consonants at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding, or at a short interval. In line 1 “gently gently”in line 8 “what eyes will watch” in line 15 “Dead came with their Dead” in line 25 “Did not understand our dead”.

(2) Imagery: This is the use of word in giving vivid picture of an occasion or object or person. In line four “sad complaining voices of beggars” it describes how the voices of the people in the poem look like. “Just as our fears were deaf” is a simile and imagery telling the readers how oblivion the people in the poem were. In line 14 “the black depths of our plaintive throats?” is also an imagery among many that exist in the poem.

[The poem, Ambush By Gbemisola Adeotialso has huge imageries]

(3) Metaphor: This’ an indirect comparison which opposes simile that uses “like” and “as” to create its own comparison. In line 4 of the poem “voices of beggars” in line 14 “plaintive throats” in line 9 “the laughter of big children”.

(4) Repetition: In the poem, there are repetin tioof words, phrases and lines. “Gengly” “what” “our” “laughter” “mouth” are few words repeated in the poem. There are partial repetition of lines, for instance: line 3 and 5 repeat “who… will hear… without laughter” in line 8 and 10 “what eyes will watch our … mouths” in line 17 and 19 “just as our ears were deaf” in line 21 and 24 “in the air, in the water, where they have traced their signs”.

(5) Rhetorical Question: This’ a question posed by a character in a poem which will have no response at all. “Who indeed will hear them without laughter?” line 5, “What eyes will watch our bad mouths?” Other rhetorical questions are in line 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 29.

As said earlier, imagery, repetition and rhetorical questions are the three major poetic devices that aided the sweetness of the poem, the rest devices pillared the three. A vivid look at the simile, metaphor, and personification within the poem, one will see that they all assisted the use of imageries and the cases of alliterations and assonances that existed in the poem; they helped in making the words and lines repetition more accommodating to the readers hearing. The imageries and the repetition also helped in the usage of rhetorical questions.

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings soaring)

(Analysis 10)
Discuss Any Three Poetic Devices Employed In Gabriel Okara’s Piano And Drums

[QUESTION]
Discuss any 3 poetic devices employed in Gabriel Okara’s Piano And Drums (NECO JUNE/JULY 2016 LITERATURE-IN-ENGLISH)

[ANSWER]
To answer the above question, we’ll choose symbolism, personification and alliteration as our desired three poetic devices from Gabriel Okara’s poem “Piano And Drums”

#1) Symbolism which is the representation of a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or qualities, appears in the poem from the title down to the context. “Drums” symbolizes Okara’s past uncivilized ways of life while “Piano” symbolizes the poet’s present and future existence in a westernized world. His symbolisms are further broadened with related musical dictions.

[You Can As Well Read Poetic Figures And Forms In The Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara]

#2) There are instances of personifications in the poem where inanimates are given human attributes. In line 15 (groping heart/ in green leaves) actually, line 15 can also be named a synedoche. In line 4-5 “speaking of/ primal youth and the beginning” which gives human quality to the drums. In line 17-18, the poet also personified the piano “piano/ solo speaking of complex ways”

#3) Alliterations in the poem are “the panther ready to pounce” in line 6, “leopard snarling about to leap” in line 7, “turn torrent” in line 9, “solo speaking” in line 18.

In brief, few other poetic devices are Simile in line 4 “like bleeding flesh” Assonance in line 3 “mystic rhythm” Imageries, etc.

(Analysis 11)
Structure Of Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

In order to understand the themes of the poem check Themes Of Piano And Drums by Gabriel Okara

The structure of the poem shows that, it is a well planned poem. Like a narrative essay, the poem opened with an introduction describing the major concern of the poet and closed with a perfect conclusion. The poem was divided into stanzas to show where one view ends and where another begins. The last stanza was a perfect conclusion.

The poem is a free verse because of the ways the lines and stanzas were structured; void of rhyming pattern.

The first stanza had eight lines (using druming sound and rural activities to show the poet past way of life, the second stanza had eight lines describing what the effects of remembering the past was to the poet, stanza three had nine lines and that was where piano was described in the poem, stanza four had four lines which showed that poet was in a state of confusion; he didn’t know which culture to choose whether his past African life or his present civilized life.

(Analysis 12)
Poetic Figures And Forms In Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

As we’ve already known that Piano And Drums by Gabriel Okara is a culturally oriented poem comparing the poet’s past and present experiences. In looking at the figures and form of the poem, will it be perfect to refer to the poem as a non metred free verse? Yes.

Judging from the definition of free verse (“vers libre” in French language), any poem with no particular rhythm or metre and without a rhyme scheme can be referred to as a free verse. It is vivid how Gabriel Okara with this poem imitated Walt Whitman in creating impossible effects far beyond the boundaries that even blank verses can cross.

Gabriel Okara employed beautiful imageries and symbolisms in collaboration with some state-of-the-art poetic devices to balance his 4 stanzas poem of unequal lines.

[naijapoets.com suggest you read: How Do I Love Thee? by Elizabeth Barrett Browning]

Assonance, alliteration, imagery, personification, simile, symbolism are few of the poetic devices dwelling within the poem: Piano And Drums. Alliterations in the poem are “the panther ready to pounce” in line 6, “leopard snarling about to leap” in line 7, “turn torrent” in line 9, “solo speaking” in line 18.

Assonances are located in line 3 (jungle drums), in line 4 (mystic rhythm), in line 5 (bleeding flesh, speaking), in line 8 (hunters crouch). Imageries in virtually all the lines of the poem; examples are “naked/ warmth of hurrying feet and groping hearts/ in green leaves…” “wailing piano/ solo speaking of complex ways/ in tear-furrowed concerto/ of far away lands”

There are personifications in line 15 (groping heart/ in green leaves) and in line 18 (piano/ solo speaking of complex ways). Simile in line 4 “like bleeding flesh” and symbolisms like piano symbolizing future, drums symbolizing past.

(Analysis 13)
Themes of Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara

Gabriel Okara, the writer of “Piano and Drum” was born in Bayelsa state, Nigeria in 1921. A novelist and a poet; he was once a civil servant. His poem “Piano and Drums” was well beautified with imagery and symbolism.

The themes of the poem can be divided into three: (1) Childhood reminiscence and its effect (2) Complexity of the present and future (3) Dilemma.

Childhood reminiscence and its effect

Since the poem is about the poet’s experience with two different cultures or lifestyles, the poet used the experience of his village background to depict African culture which he grew up with, while comparing it to his present civilized way of living.
The poem speaker was reminded of his/her “primal youth and the beginning” through the quietness of the early to morning river and the echoing forest. While at the riverside, the poem speaker could “hear jungle drums telegraphing/the mystic rhythm…” (Line 2 & 3) and other things like panther, leopard, hunters crouching with poised spears, etc added to his/her memory.

The poem speaker revealed in stanza 2, the effect such reminiscence brought to his/her memory of sitting “in my mother’s lap a suckling”, “walking simple paths with no innovations”, and groping in green leaves with wild flowers in naked hurrying feet.


Complexity of the present and future

How complex, unstable and confusing the present and the upcoming future look were portrayed in the stanza 3 of the poem “Piano and Drums”. As said before, Okara preferred his past life to the present that was why he symbolized his rural life with drum, a musical instrument which very easy to learn and operate while he symbolized his civilized modern lifestyle with piano and describe it as complex.
The poem speaker heard “a wailing piano” which symbolised a painful sound which “solo speaking of complex ways” (the confusing present and the unknown future) and such painful sound brought a silent cry which the poem referred to as “in tear-furrowed concerto”. In spite of the pain, the poem speaker got “lost in the labyrinth of it complexities” which symbolised the confusing complexity of the future through rough(coaxing) mild(diminuendo) opposite-change(counterpoint) and tough(crescendo).


Dilemma

The poem speaker concluded that he found himself/herself in dilemma “wandering in the mystic rhythm/of jungle drums and the concerto.”(line 28 & 29) because he didn’t know which culture to totally embrace. He preferred the simple rural life but it was also impossible to let go of the civilisation he had got unto despite it was complex and confusing.

(Analysis 14)
3 Major Poetic Devices In Vanity By Birago Diop

3 MAJOR POETIC DEVICES IN VANITY BY BIRAGO DIOP

[feel free to read Breath By Birago Diop]

In the poem Vanity by Birago Diop, there are three major poetic devices that gave the poem her grandeur. These are (1) Imagery (2) Repetition (3) Rhetorical Question.

Before we examine the great impact these three poetic devices have on the poem, naijapoets.com takes a look at the several poetic devices in the poem.

(1) Alliteration: The repetition of consonants at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding, or at a short interval. In line 1 “gently gently”in line 8 “what eyes will watch” in line 15 “Dead came with their Dead” in line 25 “Did not understand our dead”.

(2) Imagery: This is the use of word in giving vivid picture of an occasion or object or person. In line four “sad complaining voices of beggars” it describes how the voices of the people in the poem look like. “Just as our fears were deaf” is a simile and imagery telling the readers how oblivion the people in the poem were. In line 14 “the black depths of our plaintive throats?” is also an imagery among many that exist in the poem.

[The poem, Ambush By Gbemisola Adeoti also has huge imageries]

(3) Metaphor: This’ an indirect comparison which opposes simile that uses “like” and “as” to create its own comparison. In line 4 of the poem “voices of beggars” in line 14 “plaintive throats” in line 9 “the laughter of big children”.

(4) Repetition: In the poem, there are repetin tioof words, phrases and lines. “Gengly” “what” “our” “laughter” “mouth” are few words repeated in the poem. There are partial repetition of lines, for instance: line 3 and 5 repeat “who… will hear… without laughter” in line 8 and 10 “what eyes will watch our … mouths” in line 17 and 19 “just as our ears were deaf” in line 21 and 24 “in the air, in the water, where they have traced their signs”.

(5) Rhetorical Question: This’ a question posed by a character in a poem which will have no response at all. “Who indeed will hear them without laughter?” line 5, “What eyes will watch our bad mouths?” Other rhetorical questions are in line 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 29.

As said earlier, imagery, repetition and rhetorical questions are the three major poetic devices that aided the sweetness of the poem, the rest devices pillared the three. A vivid look at the simile, metaphor, and personification within the poem, one will see that they all assisted the use of imageries and the cases of alliterations and assonances that existed in the poem; they helped in making the words and lines repetition more accommodating to the readers hearing. The imageries and the repetition also helped in the usage of rhetorical questions.
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings soaring)

(Analysis 15)
Breaths By Birago Diop

Listen more often to things rather than beings.
Hear the fire’s voice,
Hear the voice of the water.
In the wind hear the sobbing of the trees,
It is our forefathers breathing.

The dead are not gone for ever.
They are in the paling shadows,
And in the darkening shadows.
The dead are not beneath the ground,
They are in the rustling tree,
In the murmuring wood,
In the flowing water,
In the still water,
In the lonely place, in the crowd;
The dead are not dead

Listen more often to things rather than beings.
Hear the fire’s voice.
Hear the voice of the water.
In the wind hear the sobbing of the trees.
It is the breathing of our forefathers
Who are not gone, not beneath the ground,
Not dead.

The dead are not gone forever.
They are in a woman’s breast,
A child’s crying, a glowing ember.
The dead are not beneath the earth,
They are in the flickering fire,
In the weeping plant, the groaning rock,
The wooded place, the home.
The dead are not dead.

copyright © Birago Diop (1906-1989)

FEW AMONG LOTS OF OTHER ANALYSIS TO BE ENJOYED AT NAIJAPOETS.COM ARE AS FOLLOWS:-
(1) Analysis Of Telephone Conversation By Wole Soyinka
(2) Deep Analysis Of Over The World’s Rim By William Faulkner
(3) 13 Elements Of Poetry
(4) Analysis Of River By Gert Vlok Nel
(5) Analysis Of My Grandmother By Elizabeth Jennings
(6) 3 Themes Of Lonely Days By Bayo Adebowale
(7) Analysis Of Freetown By Sly Cheney Coker
(8) Summary Of Death Be Not Proud By John Donne
(9) Analysis Of Dry Season By Kwesi Brew
(10) Analysis Of Two Lovers By George Eliot

HOPE YOU FIND THIS SOMEHOW HELPFUL.

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