Theory Of Leadership: Trait And Situational

In this post, the following theories of leadership are explained (1) the traits theory of leadership (2) the situational theory of leadership.

Traits Theory of Leadership: This leadership theory states that leaders are born and not made. Certain people are born to be leaders or are naturally endowed with leadership qualities. Such qualities include honesty, loyalty, ambitions, aggressiveness, initiative, drive, etc. This theory is of the believe that whenever a leader leads his followers well, such leader is born to be a leader but a leader with flaws is not born to be a leader. The traits theory of leadership does not put other factors into consideration; factors such as situations, followers believe, etc.

Situational Theory of Leadership: The opinion of this theory opposes that of the trait theory. It states that leaders are not born but made by situation from which the leader emerges and the situation the leader works in. Leadership, whether successful or unsuccessful, good or bad, does not depend on the natural qualities of the leader, but on the situation which the leader operates and such as they that the leader leads, socio-economic, political and legal factor. The situational approach is on the behavior of leaders and their followers not excluding the type of situations. This theory contends that there is no one best style of leadership for universal application for all situations; a leadership style effective under one situation may become ineffective under another.

Irrespective of whether a leader is born or made, the following styles are obvious in leadership; democracy, persuasive, autocracy, free reign. An autocratic leader does not consult or co-decide with his colleagues or subordinates. A democratic leader is the one that considers the views of his colleagues or subordinates during decision making. A persuasive leader is then one that pushes opinion into that of colleagues to make it seem unanimous. A free reign leader places reasonable level of decision making on the followers; which means that a decision to be acted on can come from anyone.




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